Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) is a comprehensive protocol for the initial evaluation and management of critically injured patients that has undergone significant development over the past 40 years. Originally published by the American College of Surgeons (ACS) in 1980, ATLS is designed to provide a systematic and efficient approach for managing patients with multiple injuries.


ATLS was developed with the goal of improving patient outcomes and reducing the incidence of preventable deaths from trauma. The protocol provides a systematic approach to the assessment and management of critically injured patients, emphasizing the importance of rapid and effective interventions in the pre-hospital and emergency department setting.

The ATLS protocol covers the following steps:

  • Assessment of airway, breathing, and circulation (ABCs).
  • Rapid evaluation of injuries, including head-to-toe examination and appropriate imaging studies.
  • Identification and control of any life-threatening injuries, such as bleeding, tension pneumothorax, or flail chest.
  • Administration of appropriate resuscitation, including fluid resuscitation, blood transfusion, and airway management.
  • Stabilization of the patient, including immobilization of any fractures and transfer to a definitive care facility.

Since its initial publication, ATLS has undergone several updates to reflect changes in medical knowledge, technology, and best practices. The protocol has been refined to ensure that it remains relevant and effective in the modern medical landscape, and to address new and emerging challenges in the management of critically injured patients.

Today, ATLS is widely recognized and highly regarded as an essential tool for healthcare professionals who work in the field of trauma care. The protocol is used in trauma centers and emergency departments around the world and continues to play a vital role in improving patient outcomes and reducing the incidence of preventable deaths from trauma.

For further information go to: The American College of Surgeons – Advanced Trauma Life Support


The ˚M Warmer System

The ˚M Warmer is a portable blood and IV fluid warming device optimal for both prehospital and hospital use as it is small, simple to use and has extremely efficient warming capabilities (150 ml/min).