Hypovolemic shock occurs to trauma patients because of the loss of body fluid volume, which includes loss of blood, water, perspiration, etc. The effects of shock, especially due to major blood loss, rapidly become irreversible. Therefore, it is critical for medical professionals to begin interventions early in the prehospital setting in order to improve shock outcomes.

Among trauma patients, hypovolemic shock is commonly caused by haemorrhage, and particularly resuscitation-associated coagulopathy in haemorrhage shock has been recognised as the major cause of the Trauma Triad of Death (see figure.). Together with coagulopathy, hypothermia, and acidosis are the three lethal complications in this triad.

Trauma’s Lethal Triad of Hypothermia

The article 10 Things You Need to Know About Hypovolemic Shock to Save Lives points out that prehospital IV Fluid warmers, peripheral warming devices and blankets are typically used to reduce hypothermia, and at present coagulopathy can be treated only with blood product through a warming infuser. It is highlighted that all blood products should be administered through a warming infuser just as IV fluids.


To read the full article click here.


The ˚M Warmer System

The ˚M Warmer is a portable blood and IV fluid warming device optimal for both prehospital and hospital use as it is small, simple to use and has extremely efficient warming capabilities (150 ml/min).